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-- authorizing operations designed to capture and kill bin laden he was not the first u.s. president to do so. in response the august 1998 african embassy bombing president clinton's sided cruise missiles at a qaeda training camps to kill bin laden and authorize the use of lethal force if necessary to capture the saudi terrorist. moreover bin laden was not the first individual singled out as a strategic objective a u.s. military campaign. on may 3, 1886 more than a century before 25 million-dollar reward would be offered for information on bin laden's whereabouts. the u.s. house of representatives introduced a joint resolution quote authorizing the president to offer an award of $25,000 for the killing or capture of geronimo. 30 years later in response to poncho via's raid across the mexican border into columbus new mexico in march 1916, president woodrow wilson announced quote, a force will be sent at once and pursued with a single objective of capturing him and putting a stop to his forays. within hours of the 1989 invasion of panama of a administration of george h. w. bush declared that th
is dressed not in classical guard but typical when the women were used as symbols or iconography but she was dressed in the costume of time and is a symbol of peace and liberty and women were very often used in that way in colombia the image that is on the capitol is an image of a woman and they were often invoked as the most visible symbols of the early american republic. >> we've been talking with professor rosemarie zagarri of george mason university. this is her newest book revolutionary backlash women in politics in the early american republic and just recently reissued is her books the politics of size representation in the u.s. 7076 to 18 50. now an interview from george mason university. >> professor what is net neutrality? >> it is a series of regulations on broadband internet providers that limit what your service provides you with high-speed service and can do in terms of business models and pricing. so the idea of the so-called net neutrality rule is to limit the reach or scope of the local transport network that takes you to the internet in terms of your data traffic and all
good afternoon. thank you for joining us at the heritage foundation. as director of lectures and seminars it's my privilege to welcome everyone to the lahood northpark comco clich lois linen auditorium and those on the web site as well. we would ask everyone to make that last courtesy check that sells phones have been turned off especially for those recording today. we will of course post program within 24 hours on the homepage and our international viewers are welcome to send questions or comments simply e-mail bling at speaker@heritage.org. hosting the discussion is mr. meese who served in public policy and chairman of the center for legal and judicial studies and of course he served ronald reagan as the 75th attorney general of the united states. please join me in welcoming of to attend a -- ted meese petraeus the mccuish of the celebrating were commemorating is a better term the defense of september 11th, 2001. it was the first attack on cities in the mainland of the united states since the war of 1812. was perhaps one of the most traumatic events in the lives of the peop
isn't the only way to talk about what racism looks like. it isn't useful. i think what's more useful is to get people to think about the ways in which we perpetuate the racial differentiations and inequalities on purpose or inadvertently that produce differences that we see every day. unless you're going to tell me there's some hard-wired reason why people of color and academic institutions are always the people serving you food or cleaning the bathroom or not necessarily in the classroom teaching classes, then i think you're going to have to be honest with yourself about all the ways there's a privilege that accrues to people. we need to recognize that race is more subliminal, more subjective and more subtle in the contemporary moment. and i think we need to find a way to really articulate that subtlety because there are or very few smoking guns, thank god, anymore. i asked my 105 interview wees what is the most racist thing that ever happened to you. the response i received most often was indicate i have of modern racism. the answer is unknowable. aaron mcgruder said, i'd imagine i
then it must be a design. therefore there are a guide to take care of us. no guides to take care of us could read mead -- live a meaningless existence of i am in agnostic. i just don't know but i could live with that uncertainty. just my state of being. by what that teaches us people need a favor.ces but then everything that we do adds up.and that brings me to the second of their. some of the arch reactionary put in the wake of the beautiful future and of course, that is what attracted me and then hefo began as a radical to join a group of radicals in st. petersburg and was arrested but if they were we don't know but there lourdes convicted and kept in jail for, months than marched out without any warning to the upper raid were there were three executione states and they started to put on the blindfolds on in then executed than the groups of three and just before the order of fire began somebody rode up to give them the reprieve.ga it was a plan of the lazard just to punish them. we don't know of this triggered his epilepsy provide not a happy experience but but from there to have the change
shanker and eric schmitt look at how the u.s. government has been fighting al qaeda since 2005, the year the strategy of the u.s. had been using the previous four years was change. this is just over an hour. >> good morning everyone. welcome to the miller center form. today we are thrilled to welcome thom shanker and eric schmitt to the nation's most accomplished journals covering national security and military affairs. and the authors of "counterstrike," the untold story of america's secret campaign against al qaeda. those oath of them spent roughly the last year as writers and residents of the center for new american security. thom shanker joined "the new york times" in 1997 as assistant editor and is currently a correspondent covering the pentagon and national security including efforts of transformation within the pentagon and the global campaign against terrorism. prior to joining the times mr. shankar was a foreign editor of the chicago trip and in berlin and moscow euro chi. eric schmitt is a senior writer for the nric times who has spent, who is written about the military and nat
the author of this book a hard-line, the republican party and u.s. foreign policy since world war two. professor, what is hard-line mean? >> such as the title because i think it sums up one of the main arguments in the book which is that the republican party, at least since the 1950's as that of foreign policy approach that tends to be hard line by which i mean hawkish on foreign policy, taking very seriously the idea that there are threats out there to the estates and trying to be uncompromising and face those threats. that is pretty consistent. there has also been variety in the sense of what the can -- the particular republican approach has been. quite a bit. >> well, that was my next question. sixty-seven years since the end of world war ii. about 66 and 67 years. thirty-four of those have had republican presidents. has there been a consistency among those republican presidents? >> the main consistency has been the one we just described, the idea that the u.s. is spinning days under republican presidents and having the isolationist policy since the '20s, a tendency toward a hard-l
from using violence. and when that other side stops doing it, then you're done. and the job is not to kill the other side, you sometimes have to kill people on the other side to dissuade them from doing what they're doing. that's the bad part of it. but the objective should not be killing people. that's not a proper objective. it's just inhumane. >> you can watch this and other programs online at booktv.org. >> next, thad daley argues for the need to abolish nuclear weapons and outlines a strategy to accomplish it. it's a little over an hour. >> well, good eveningment -- evening. i am delighted to be here for my friend tad, and i am delighted to be here for teaching and change at busboys and poets where i have heard many a good speaker, left many a good tip. and i am cognizant that we're meeting in a pretty grim time, the kind of, you know, month or week where people ask of themselves, boy, how could things get any worse. well, our speaker tonight is an expert about how things could get horrifically worse and, more significantly, how to keep them from getting significantly w
. andrea's received high marks for his insightful analysis and wide use of original interviews and formally classified materials as he opens a window on this important time in history. in the process he has also produced the most thorough account yet of president ford's handling of relations with the shot, king faisal, and will policy. please join me in welcoming andrew scott cooper. [applause] [applause] >> thank you. thank you to the gerald r. ford presidential library for roasting me in making my research in this wonderful event possible. you may have heard the expression, it's good to be king well, tonight it's good to be a historian. oil diplomacy and oil dependency this morning the new york times published an op-ed on foreign oil dependency. the "wall street journal" published one on the importance of history studies in creating competitive dynamic work force. we seek to bridge to compelling in vital areas of public interest. it is a rare and wonderful thing for a historian to watch as events the world speculated about a generation ago finally come to pass more than three decades late
mannyfesto makes clear as the caller said, he isn't a christian. he uses the word christian to mean, nonislamic. it is not specifically, i don't know, black, hispanics, brown people. no, it is muslims he does not like. that's it. and yes it was very anti-muslim. he talks how he wants the jews and buddhists and all the people of europe to join with him to fight against the islam maization of europe. that is his big thing. whether or not that is connected to the insanity on some molecular level i don't know but for "the new york times" to describe him as >> this is just over an hour. >> good morning, everyone. welcome to the miller center forum. today, we're thrilled to welcome william and eric schmidt, two journalists covering military affairs, and the untold story of the america's campaign against al-qaeda. they were senior writers and residents at the senior for american security. george joined the times in 1997 and is covering the pentagon and national security, including efforts of transformation within the pentagon and gloanl campaign csh gobble campaign against terrorism. he wa
inside the white house u.s. to who. it just was not on the radar. an organization that was not well understood even though it had already carried a one attack against the world trade center towers in new york in 1993 and carried out an attack against the u.s.s. cole in human. terrorism was something happened overseas, not people in the united states aside from, of course, the tragedy in oklahoma city. the other major flaw as a reluctance to the reporting was the response to 9/11 that the government undertook. perhaps understandably that was a response, an instinctive one to use military might of the united states along with its intelligence community. basically use the approach to try and kill and capture its way to victory. the idea was, we kill enough of these fighters and kill and capture enough of its leaders that this organization will collapse and will be done with it. that was pretty much the thinking, even after the successful efforts in afghanistan with small numbers of stuff for forces troops move al qaeda out of afghanistan and take down the taliban government. that was t
of the left. and i also wanted to use something about harold meyerson. harold, for many years, was the progressive political stays at stage at the l.a. weekly. he is now the wednesday op-ed columnist for the washington post. many people know that bernie sanders is the only socialist member of the u.s. senate. fewer know, but more should know that harold meyerson is the only socialist columnist with the washington post. [applause] but that -- [inaudible] but that is not really heralds most important incarnation. he is also editor of the american prospect. here is my copy of a recent edition. the american prospect is really something. it really offers a vision of what a holistic and inclusive, progressive and most important economically just society would look like. and every issue offers a really practical political messes and tactic. we are moving in that direction. so i often pick these up at the newsstand at union station, but i'm not going to do that anymore why? because i have a present for you. here is my subscription and my subscription check. finally decided to subscrib
>> it is my privilege to welcome everyone. to welcome those joining us on our heritage.org web site as well. we ask everyone to make that last courtesy check that cellphone are turned off especially those recording our events today. we will post the program within 24 hours on our home page for everyone's future reference and internet viewers are welcome to send questions or comments at any time by e-mail in assets speakers@heritage.org. hosting our discussion this afternoon is our ronald reagan distinguished fellow of public policy and chairman for the lead judicial studies who served ronald reagan as 70 fifth attorney general of the united states. please join me in welcoming ed meese. [applause] >> thank you. we have been over the last week celebrating or commemorating is a better term the events of the eleventh of september 2001. it was the first attack on a city or cities in the mainland of the united states since the war of 1812. it was one of the most traumatic events in the lives of many of the people here. toomey it ranks with an event i witnessed as a younger person, pearl h
't bomb us, and the latest thing now is wire. why do they hate us so much? >> well, i think to unpack your question, how do we get into their culture, i think that's impossible. the sorts of changes that you're talking about have to happen internally within the muslim world, you know, muslims themselves must decide that violent extremism carried out in the name of their great religion is something that they don't want to tolerate. should the united states and other countries in the west help that part of the world to eradicate what eric earlier described so well as the poverty of hope? of course, that's our job, all of us, to help our fellow man and woman, of course, but when you talk about getting into their culture, winning their hearts and minds, muslims find that insulting. talking about winning their hearts and minds says you have to love us and think like us, and we would not appreciate that coming from another culture. .. even as the cia has become much more adept at its targeting so that it lessens the impact on civilians, because they are very conscious of this and the notion that
of leadership, knew how to use our map, you how to spot dead areas of ground, knew how to outflank in any machine gun position. it's interesting to me to find examples of junior officers or ncos who in the mid-20th century, who would tremble or cry in combat. it's not completely unheard of to find a junior officer who might call himself when the shelling started. and who at the same time maintained a reputation for effectiveness in combat, because he was a soldier who clearly knew what he was doing and who had survived for months. that kind of reputation is just unthinkable in the 19th century. it would be impossible for a regimental captain to have found himself in front of his soldiers and still enjoy any sort of credibility as a leader. >> christopher hamner is an associate professor of history at george mason university. what you teach? >> i teach mostly american military history. >> "enduring battle: american soldiers in three wars, 1776-1945", published by the university campus press. >> you're watching the tv on c-span2. 48 hours of nonfiction authors and books every weekend. >> n
the country. in "the interrogator" he affords us the opportunity to see inside the intelligence machine in those troubling early years right after the attacks of 9/11. i will let glen tell his story a quick headline that shows it is questionable as to how much we have learned the lesson that this call from the intelligence community on a day-to-day basis. today we see reports of secretfa interrogation facilities in somalia an detainee is held for months aboard naval vessels in international waters before releasing prisoners into the judicial system. tak and of course, the guantanamo and bagram facilities are still open for business. which is important is inside in to the bureaucratic impact to take the gloves off. lead not only talkse al about the flaws of the intelligenceen case built up but how the system failed to stand up for basic principles in the face of concerted civilian political leadership.th these are but aes few of the lessons we can take away from his compelling new book so let me introduce himtell briefly so he could tell you himself. glenn carle logging 33 years of servi
another use of community flow but not so low that jesse jackson can commemorates iraqis. it's like releasing heirs of the bottle doesn't explode. it's a slippery beast and his father or grandfather were. it has ways of making waves do not exist which can drive you crazy train to prove its existence. it's a powerful force in the postdoc experience that combines a sense of you don't belong here at historic racism hot with the centrifuge of the spy and create for some doubles bargain. you may ascend higher on the latter is a power previous generations and blacks could've imagined. when you >> into the glass ceiling he don't get as high as the fisher go, it will still drive you crazy and show you that your ability is not fully respected. blackness is expanding a broadening of black opportunities are improving, but we also must deal with the crushable called racism and has a pernicious impact on the modern black persona. modern racism that aren't on your ipod sets are the most mind blowing analogies i've ever encountered like the president pardoning one turkey each year before thanksgiv
. makes it much more probable that people who are more like us to run for office and when i don't think it is unthinkable at all i think in the democracy with all the means of communication at our disposal if the greeks can do it with five or 6,000 when they didn't have any major throwing i think we have those means at our disposal now to keep it, and in addition internet even in our vast democracy in ways that can create a more participatory democracy. jefferson as i write about in this book had his own idea of a word system where all people are involved in government all the time the. they broke down into units of hundreds where the idea was we didn't all make decisions about the same thing but we all were representatives in one area of government for everybody representing everyone else's interest rate was a brilliant scheme, and i think in the modern era there is more opportunity for bringing to the realization jefferson's system proposal and there was back then. these ideas that i write about in jefferson were even more pertinent today, and i think that they need to be considered v
hard-line the republican party and u.s. foreign policy since world war ii. professor speed, what is hard line to you? >> it's a title because the sums up one of the main arguments in the book is that the republican party has had a foreign policy approach that tends to be hard lined by which i mean the foreign policy to increase syria's lead the way that there are threats out there and now to the united states trying to be uncompromising in the face of those threats. that is consistent but there's also been a variety in what particular republican comes under what particular president is to make the was my next question. 67 years since the end of world war ii. there are what 67, 34 years 34 of those have had republican presidents. is there any consistency? >> amine consistency is the one i just described under the republican presence there hasn't been an isolationist president a tendency to when the hard-line approach that's been consistent. the variety has been somebody like what's a boesh xli and bush 43, jr. and two of them each with richard nixon and ronald reagan as well. >> r
the expanded than what well prompt us we don't get much more bang for our buck how to recede these fitting together eventually? the story is how did they get started and going back to the 1970's and at eight -- cedis with much more sophisticated technology they will continue to develop with wind, solar, but we're seeing a technological innovation energy supply in the u.s. is very different from what i started the book. >> host: 2005? >> guest: yes. it was called in shale guest and not until 2007 people have followed up to what is happening with this tight oil u.s. oil imports going up which is what we have been habituated to for 70 years. >> host: now the idea of the petro state with the rise in hugo chavez and the oil industry there and fidel castro and cuba and that got me thinking there is a lot of controversy right now especially after the gulf oil spill last year. >> that is an interesting chained how risky but getting into the offshore we'll game of fact the stability if at all? is there a reason to be s concerned as we were? >> cuba is very close to florida so certainly concerns abo
they look at the world its too and just to use their phrase, and of course it is. i mean, bad people or reworded, good people by young, innocent people are tormented and suffered. so people like my father escape instead of trying to deal with this reality for one reason or another they are unable to. they want to skate by creating a new world. that's what progressivism is about. as i was brought up in this tradition and of course you never lose the memory of the way the use of things when you were younger. there was a passage that just brought me up and it's part of his advice about a deal stoicism is basically don't sweat the small stuff but don't sweat the big stuff either. so, in this passage he says when you rise in the morning to say to yourself i shall meet today intrusive, ungrateful, arrogant, deceitful, in the sand and charitable. but don't bother yourself about it. this is the advice. is it possible that they were not being shameless people in the world? it's not possible. therefore, do not require what is impossible. that's the story to view and that's the complete antithe
black site in 2002. he details the methods he and others use to extract information from suspected terrorists. this is about 50 minutes. >> good afternoon everyone. thank you for braving the summer heat and joining us here at the new america foundation. i especially want to welcome our c-span audience who has been recording our event today and the important topic for the broader american audience to engage in and they think by the end of the session i think you will as well. my name is patrick dougherty. i help run the national security studies program. i run the grand strategy initiative here at the new america foundation. and, national security studies here at new america does what we think few other programs do and that is to bring new streams of timely, accurate integrative data to the big strategic questions facing the united states. we are focused as i'm on the grand strategy but also critical regions south asia, the middle east, and then a critical issue that needs a lot or data analysis, discussion deliberation, counterterrorism space. we are really blessed with two great c
of afghanistan, the use of troops and drones to wipe out much of al qaeda's existing leadership at the top on 9/11, and also was put fully on display in the successful operation to kill osama bin laden over the summer, which i think of as president obama's greatest foreign policy and national security achievement in the last two and a half years. there we saw intelligence provided by people who didn't get detained under the laws of war, electronic surveillance producing more intelligence, all pulled together to locate where bin laden had been hiding, and then the you of military force to go out and kill him. under the rules of the criminal justice system, which administrations of both political parties had used in their approach to terrorism before 9/11. we would have instead invited osama bin laden and send out people to try to arrest him after he had committed a crime. so, they switched to the approach of war made our policy to try to stop people like osama bin laden and terrorist groups from attacking the united states before they could attack. the second lesson i would draw from the last te
and talk with professors to have ultimately let's as you might not have heard about. joining us now is meredith lair, a history professor here at gm you. her book is not quite out yet, but should be by the time this airs. here is the cover, "armed with abundance." professor, what was the typical experience of the american soldier in vietnam? >> guest: that is a great place to start because i think the american public has an assumption about what that experience was. informed by television and movies and media coverage of the war. it tends to foreground the experience, the grunts, an imminent danger of living a life of obscurity and defamation and enduring frequent danger. so that is a very powerful image and certainly an experience many, many vietnam veterans had during the war, but it is probably not the dominating experience of the work is particularly by the late 1960's the estate's had built an incredible logistical apparatus to support his troops in combat, and so most soldiers were serving in suncor -- some kind of support capacity living largely out of harm's way. as the war
into madness, end of your journey in it, through it and out of it. but for right now, let us join together across the continent of north america, across the atlantic, to the continent of africa, and in particular, to liberia. america and library have a particular relationship, particular history together. would you speak to that briefly? >> thank you. thank you all for coming. carol, i call my therapist. this will be therapy. liberia is that country -- everything about liberia is like america, so you have our flags like the u.s. flag with one star, our constitution modeled like the u.s. constitution. and we have three branches of government like year. we call the house the parliamentarian's, sit in capital. we do, like i said, have supreme court chief justice just like your. everything. some of the streets are named after people from your. we have a virginia and maryland, and different things named after president james monroe. so we do have a rich history, and one liberian woman put it in a very nice context, liberia, america's stepchild. >> i am always interested when there is the kind o
comfortable quote with the of life to minimize the difference between living conditions in the u.s. and conditions in the degette mom. >> how many u.s. soldiers of vietnam? >> guest: 1968 it was about 542,000 americans. >> and how many were told that your do you know? >> off the top of my head i don't know it was the deadliest in vietnam because of the tet offensive and the marking of operations after. so certainly i don't in the book denied the hardship the soldiers endured and the cost of the war. what i'm trying to do is complicate the was ideas what it meant and what that experience was like and also to give some credit to soldiers who don't see their experience as represented in film or television or other representation of the war. >> you have a chart in here sales in vietnam 1915 to 1972. $1,968,325,000,000 is what you have. why do you include this charge? >> one of the things i examine this consumer is some and the role but it's played. military authorities in vietnam recognize that providing goods to soldiers is a way of maintaining a strong moral and that is important bec
's dressed not in classical garb which was often typical when women were used as symbols or as iconography. but she was dress inside the period costume of the time, and she's obviously a symbol of peace, a symbol of liberty. and women were very often used in just that way. women, columbia, the image that's on the capitol is an image of a woman. and so women were very often invoked as the most visible symbols of the early american republic. >> host: we've been talking with professor rosemarie zagarri of george mason university. this is her newest book, "revolutionary backlash: women in politics in the early american republic," and just recently reissued is her book, "the politics of size: representation in the u.s. 1776-1850." >> and now, an interview from george mason university. >> host: professor tom hazlett, what's net neutrality? >> guest: it's a series of regulations on broadband internet providers that limit what your service provider provides you access to the internet presumably with high-speed service can cowith business models models and pric. so the idea of the net neutrality ru
wanted to immerse myself in something that a lot of us think we know but really, truly don't is because almost every book begins with a lot of questions. and i had these questions. where did we come from and what did it take for us to get here? what was the world that the seem in this book left? what would propel six million americans to leave the only place that they'd ever known for a place that they'd never seen in hopes that life might be better? what did it take for them to get out? be how did they choose the places that they went? how did they make a way for themselves where they landed? and why didn't they talk about it? and the goal for the book was to have all of us think about and ask ourselves what would we have done had we been in their places, what would we have done? now, the subtitle of the book, the book is, of course, called "the warmth of other suns," and the subtitle is "the epic story of america's great migration." so it would appear that it's about the great migration, but in actuality this book is really about the forebearers of all americans really. these people a
of it. for right now let us journeyed together across north america, across the atlantic to the continent of africa particularly liberia. america and liberia have a particular relationship. speak to that briefly. >> thank you all for coming. a call this mike therapists. my terp this. the country that freed slaves from here in the u.s. in 1822 and everything about liberia is like america. so you have our flag like the u.s. flag but with one star. our constitution like the u.s. constitution. we have three branches of government right here. we call the house and parliamentarian capital, we have the supreme court chief justice just like here. everything. some of the streets are named after famous people from here in famous cities. we have a virginia and maryland and different places. one after president james monroe. we do have a rich history. one historian put it, terrifies context -- america's stepchild. >> i am always interested when there is the kind of strife that has been so long lasting in liberia of the conditions that may have made that possible. would you speak to t
that we used were all previously used on american military personnel. not all of them, but all of them had been used in training for a lot of our own, um, specialists in the military area. so there wasn't any technique that we used on any al-qaeda individual that hadn't been used on our own troops first. just to give you some idea whether or not we were, quote, torturing the people we captured. the way the program worked was, um, the agency came in, um, george tenet then still, director of the cia. he talked to me, talked to a couple of other people. basically, he wanted to know however they could go in terms of interrogations of these individuals that we captured. and the, you really needed two kinds of sign-offs. one was a sign-off from the president, and secondly was a ruling from the justice department as to where that line was that you couldn't cross. and we sought and obtained both of those. the president signed up to it as did the other members of the national security council. some of my colleagues may have forgotten that, but, in fact, everybody who was a member of the national se
, but most of us were just happening out looking for the next party, eric was already all over the world helping people, so pretty incredible. way smarter than me, way better looking than me. [laughter] all that good stuff. but when i met eric back in 2007, i had no idea of any of this, you know? he was just another, you know, person. he was a navy seal, i was a marine. he was another person just in iraq to do his job. and when i met him, he was totally unassuming. he never walked up to me and said, oh, by the way, i have a ph.d.. he just said i'm here to help you find the bad guys in fallujah, and we're going to do what we have to do to get it done. there wasn't a whole lot of sleep a whole lot of eating, there wasn't a whole lot of anything going on for a long period of time other than just completing the mission and getting the job done. he was also the guy that strapped on a weapon and walked beside me in the streets and rode beside me in the vehicles and, you know, put his life on the line just as readily as i and my fellow marines did. when you have somebody like that, you trust th
that they told us. chubby had to be put to sleep. put to sleep i said? chubby is gone? somebody come in that very thing, pointed out that chubby with a gun in any case ordinarily live to the age of 18. isn't that sort of late for me to be finding this out i said? my father said it's not our fault if you are slow on the uptake. [laughter] i never found myself in a memoir gathering the required me to sell the story of chubby, does it happen i did relate the story in a book. a week or two after it's published i got a phone call from suki. the collie was not called chubby she said. cawley was called george. you are called. [laughter] there is one section here called 20 years of poems, one poem each. and the quote in that section as i believe that an inclusive political system that prohibits a public office only those whose names have awkward meter or difficult turbine. such as george bush. i mean, i know it sounds like an easy find. that's disrespectful. fortunately, when george h.w. left office, he had a lot of middle names, so i wrote a poem. farewell to you, george herbert walker, though never tre
than the health care program that he wanted, tried to get us to adopt. >> you said earlier in the discussion, what we're talking about rutgers, that the worst way to go is to take care of the bottom up. >> not to take care of it in giving them a minimum income. but the belief -- that the progress of society is going to come from the bottom. >> so how do you take care of someone who is in the lower third? >> in my book, capitalism and freedom, i propose something called a negative income tax. of getting rid of all of the welfare programs we now have. but replace it, by essentially a minimum income. >> but you also say that's not going to happen very quickly. >> we're moving toward that. the earned income credit is in that line. >> and what will that do? >> what we're not going to move toward the, the place we're wrong is with all of the special welfare programs we have, food stamps, aid to families with dependant children, there are probably 100 such programs. and what i've argued is that we ought to replace that whole ragbag of programs with a single negative income tax. >>
of introducing our speaker, andrew scott cooper, author of "the oil kings: how the u.s., iran, and saudia arabia changed the balance of power in the middle east." and it comes to us from new zealand where he is finishing his ph.d program, or his ph.d in american history at victoria university. he has advanced degrees in journalism and strategic studies, and has worked as a human rights investigator and college administrator. in "the oil kings," his first book, he examines american iranian and saudi oil policies from 1969-1977. during this crucial eight-year period, america went from being the worlds largest producer producer of oil to its largest importer of oil, and saudi arabia supplanted iran as washington's most important islamic ally in the persian gulf. at the center of "the oil kings," the shah of iran who gambled his countries economic future on high oil prices and ultimately lost his hold on power. andrew has received high marks for his insightful analysis, and wide use of original interviews and formally classified materials as he opens the window on this important period in history. i
he would try to do some of his work here at the farm. he was a kind of just want to use this place as a place a comment unwind and to relax, just enjoy the serenity be found here. the last time i ever saw him here at his home here in tennessee was he walked out the backdoor of the white house and got into the car with his companion, and they left to go to the airport. he was en route to speak, he was en route to seattle to speak at the university there, and passed away before you forgot to speak, of a heart attack in seattle, washington, on february 10, 1992. this was very emotional and said. it took a lot out of him. but he gave, what it took from him he gave back to all the people throughout the world. he said he just, he realized after he had written routes he didn't just do it for himself that he had done it for all those who had no one to tell their story. >> next on book tv, andrew scott cooper discusses the oil deal made between the ford administration and the saudi government in 1976, an effort to undercut the power of opec, and the impact it had on the shah's regime in ira
a history of the rad fix indication process of the u.s. constitution. miss maier recounts the year-long debates that took place throughout the country following the stungal conviction -- constitutional convention. she discusses her book at the national archives in washington, dc. the program is just over one hour. >> very pleased to be here. thank you very much for having me. i also had an opportunity for a quick tour of the new display of our precious national documents. some of you may know at the beginning of american scripture, i describe the previous display, and i have to say this is so much more appropriate. they have these documents of the american people are now brought to a level where they are accessible to the american people, and i cheer you on. i am delighted to be here to speak about ratification, the book. i have gone around quite a bit in the previous years talking about ratification, a work in progress. and to have it finally in book form, it's a tremendous relief, and you'll understand that better if i tell you that the contract i signed with simon and schuster,
. and his mannyfesto makes clear as the caller said, he isn't a christian. he uses the word christian to mean, nonislamic. it is not specifically, i don't know, black, hispanics, brown people. no, it is muslims he does not like. that's it. and yes it was very anti-muslim. he talks how he wants the jews and buddhists and all the people of europe to join with him to fight against the islam maization of europe. that is his big thing. whether or not that is connected to the insanity on some molecular level i don't know but for "the new york times" to describe him as >> coming up next, booktv presents "after words," an hour-long program where we invite guest host to interview authors. this week, daniel yergin and his new book, "the quest." the pulitzer prize-winning author of the price continues the story of the oil industry, to impact on international politics and a possible energy sources of the future. he discusses his findings with "associated press" energy writer, dina capiello. >> host: welcome mr. yergin to "after words" and thanks for doing this. first of all let me congratulate yo
that face our trial courts all over the country. one of the challenges for us as lawyers and to write about the lot is to try to address the issues that are beginning to overwhelm the courts which is why they go to arbitration and mediation. takes years to bring a case to trial and costs of much money that people can't afford it and businesses don't want to pick southern economic issues are pressing to be point that states that there major problem is people have no lawyers. it is enormous problem that people are not represented by lawyers and lawyers can't afford to get their practice over to representing those people who may be can't afford them. it is an overall issue that i think we as a society need to confront. of courts are wonderful and our system is the best in the world but the access to it is consistently getting more narrow because it is too expensive because the judges are overwhelmed with the volume of litigation and the onset of pro state litigants is taking everything from the legal system and turning courts into the dispute revolvers without time or resources. wearers as a p
of view the problem was that it was just a shame this money was locked up, company couldn't use it for something. and while have been enacted back in 1974 that said you have to find your pension plans and you have to keep your hands off the money. congress enacted this law because through the '50s and '60s there have been many abuses. there were famous debacles like studebaker which went bankrupt and people lost a lot of attention. congress put this law in place that said if you offer pension which, of course, is voluntary you have to fund it, keep your hands off, let it grow. this law work so well that by the 1980s there were huge supplies in many plants. companies like ge, which to this day has never put a set more into its pension plan, not since the 1980s. you had this growing amount of surplus, and then along came a bunch of pension raiders who saw these companies with fat pension plans and said let's kill, you know, the plan often take over the company and then we can take the surplus. that was going on. you probably heard about this at the time. lots of companies were bei
and a half. >> can you hear us? >> welcome to everyone here. we are so delighted to have this special event this evening with stephane hessel. i am the director to get columbia university. we are happy to welcome so many of you into tonight and it's a great honor to welcome stephane hessel as a special guest. he is here with us tonight to celebrate and to talk about the english translation of his book which has translated into english time for the outrage published by the 12th asset group. he has of course led a long and rich and very engaged life like in on the pulse of the milestones of that remarkable life in introducing him. stephane hessel is 93-years-old country and 94 next month. [applause] he was born in germany in 1917 in the russian revolution which was perhaps meaningful for what would come in his life leader and he moved to france with his mother and brother in 1924. he grew up in an artistic household and family friends included alexander calder and walter. he was nationalized as a french citizen in 1937 to his citizenship would be taken away temporarily when the government rev
conversation with you say those interviewed felt that the u.s. leaders should be more involved with the imf or less involved? what was the general consensus? >> we are talking about a very limited group of legislators who are involved but they take an active interest and take it over the long term but you have some members of congress who sit in for 20 or 30 years and follows these issues. in many respects it longer than people were in the executive branch. it is very limited and a lot of this occurs behind-the-scenes. a lot for happen are things people don't necessarily want to boast about. but it is a contentious relationship on the surface and an awful lot of public battles like we see today with the budget problems we have now. >> it is implied that the american legislator has a major role even if it is a limited group of lawmakers. what are the ramifications of u.s. military involvement in the world bank and the imf. >> some other people have done research and found generally when countries are our friend they get more favorable treatment and when they're not they have less favorable t
[applause] >> we'd like to hear from you, twitter us your feed at twitter at booktv >> dr. leonard you've written several books on topics during the civil war, what interested you in this topic? >> well, my interest in the civil war is somewhat mysterious to me. if you had told me many years ago when i was a girl that this is what i was going to study, i would have -- i grew up in the vietnam war era. i hate war, i guns. you know, i don't like any of this -- i don't like this topic at all but when i was a graduate student in american history, i happened to take a class on the civil war and something about it just clicked with me. in that class i particularly decided that the complete absence of women -- comments on women in the class -- women didn't seem to have anything to do with the civil war in that class, and i determined that would be my life's work. that i would write about women in the civil war and, of course, i've branched out since then. but that is where i started. >> who is joseph holt. >> joseph holt was lincoln's judge advocate general. and if people remember him today, they'd part
we need a competitive election. i don't think that analogy holds. it's more useful to think of elections as an plumb the mechanisms. .. >> i have some counterintuitive arguments about election won and lost is design, but ultimately none of those policies will work if voters are unwilling to posed a credible threat to fire incumbents who do a bad job. >> thank you. >> coming up next, book tv presents "after words," an hour-long program where we invite guest hosts to interview authors. this week bruce bueno de mesquita and alastair smith present their collaborative work, the dictator's handbook. the acclaimed new york university professors explain how autocrats and dictators are able to maintain power by doing whatever is necessary to please the coalition that will support their regime. they explore their theory with associate press national security editor anne gearan. >> host: hello. i'm anne gearan. we're going to talk today about a new book, the dictator's handbook which as i understand builds on work that both of you have done over a number of years in some previous polit
authorizing operations capture or kill, this is not the first u.s. president to do so. and then the clinton fired tomahawk cruise missiles to kill bin laden and authorize the use of legal force of necessary to capture the saudi terrorists. and he was not the first individual to be singled out of the u.s. military campaign. may 3rd, 1886, one century before $25 million obery were offered the u.s. house introduced a joint resolution "authorizing the president to offer a reward of a $45,000 for kill or capture of geronimo. 30 years later in response to pancho villa raid into columbus new mexico, it woodrow wilson announced "inadequate force will be sent at once in pursuit of the single object to capture and put a stop to his foray. now with the 1989 invasion of panama with george h. to be bush declared the capture of general noriega was the ultimate objective. in fact, they have deployed military force with the objective of killing or capturing an individual nearly one dozen times since 1885 this strategic history in the lessons they can learn. it is a reasonable question to ask with the moneg
this is a good place and you should use it. [applause] argues that the modern environmental movement is made up of socialists and communists whose goal is to rule the world. it's about 50 minutes. >> good afternoon and welcome to the heritage foundation as the director of lectures and seminars, it is my privilege to welcome everyone to our louis lawyer and auditorium and of course welcome those who joined on the heritage of our website as well as those who will be joining us on c-span on future occasions. we ask everyone to make a courtesy check that cell phones have been turned off as we proceed. always good that the speaker does that especially. its and we will post within 24 hours on the website for everyone's future reference. hosting the discussion this morning introducing our special guest is mclaurin, a policy analyst in our thomas rowe institute for economic policy studies. he focuses on energy, environmental and regulatory issues and also examines energy prices and other economic effects of the environment policy and regulations particularly looking at climate chang
mean, i like to eat, but gives a false impression in people, people used to call me up and say, where should we eat somewhere? you know, what's the best french restaurant in chicago. i have no idea. so i think, i think that when you push them all together, i see more gluttonous. although i'm not saying i'm not a gluttonous adult spent i'm glad to hear you still have a great appetite. >> thank you. >> in a similar vein, what places do you like around the city that are sort of like out of the way? and i'm taking notes. >> nancy and i decided that would be the last question. well, i like a lot of places but i live in the village. i used to live in the village. my house is still in the same place but i'm told i live in the west village now. the real estate people have decided it's the west village. i usually describe the village as a place where people from the suburbs, on a saturday night to test their car alarms. [laughter] so i find i eat around my house, or in chinatown. and when i see something about a restaurant in that column in the times, that says what's opening or something, i s
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